Man uses clothes to wear for a long time to cover his body. He makes clothes by stitching fabric. In early ages women used to stitch clothes with their hands with the help of needle and thread. It was a very time taking process. They spent a long time in sewing clothes. Same in clothing industries manual sewing process was common and due to this the production rate was low.
To overcome this loss and to increase the production rate sewing machine was designed to sew clothes at industrial level. The efficiency and productivity of sewing improved with the invention of sewing machine in clothing industry. After the successful working of sewing machine at industrial level sewing machines was also designed for domestic use and named as home sewing machines. These home sewing machines were designed for the use of only one person. Home sewing machines uses a single stitch type for stitching purposes.
Components of the sewing machine
A sewing machine consists of multiple components. Some of the components of sewing machine is given below.
The spool pin only used to hold the spool containing thread.
To wind the thread across the bobbin the bobbin winder is used
Bobbin winder stopper
When the winder completes it work. The bobbin winder stopper stops the winder it from more winding.
The purpose of this width dial is to lessen the zig zag pattern while stitching.
Pattern selector dial
The stitching pattern is selected by the pattern selector dial.
Hand wheel is used to move the needle from top to bottom. In every sewing machine the hand wheel is present on the right side of the sewing machine.
The Stitch length dial controls the length of the stitches.
Power switch turns off or on the sewing machine. The power switch is located at the right side of the machine.
Thread tension dial
Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the thread that is coming from the spool of thread located at the top.
While sewing the thread from the thread spool passes through this thread lever. This thread lever moves according to the movement of the needle.
Needle clamp is a small screw type that holds the needle in its place tightly.
During sewing bobbin cover is used to cover the bobbin holder.
Bobbin cover release button
The bobbin cover release button is used to make the space so that we can put the bobbin in its place.
Feed dog is that component that pulls the fabric forward during sewing.
The needle is one of the important components of the sewing machine. You cannot stitch anything without needle.
Needle plate is made up of steal and it is situated under the needle. It helps to move the fabric during sewing.
How to use a sewing machine
There are multiples types of sewing machines that are available in the market. Now a days electric sewing machines are in common but in the traditional sewing machines a liver was present that is used to make the sewing machine working. By following some simple steps, you can easily use a sewing machine.
Put it on some height
Place the sewing machine at some height. You can put it on the table and sit on the chair. Or put anywhere you want but make sure it is at some height than you. Also make sure the needle end is on the left side of your body.
Loose the thumb screw and insert the right side of the needle in the needle holder. One side has a small hole where we can put the thread and the other side is flat. The flat side is inserted in the needle holder After inserting tighten the thumbscrew and check that it will not lose while sewing.
Insert the bobbin
As the sewing machine uses two thread sources for sewing purpose. One is top thread and the other is lower thread. Before inserting the bobbin in its place, we need to wind the thread in it. The winder is present on the top of the sewing machine. To wound the bobbin place it on the winder and turn it on. it will automatically stop when the bobbin is completely wound.
Thread sewing machine
Now you have to work with the second source of thread which a sewing machine is using. This spool is placed on the top of the machine. A place is specially made for thread source. The thread should be attached to the needle. Pull some thread out of the spool of thread. For your help some small arrows are printed on the sewing machine. Place the thread according to these arrows and pass it through the hole.
Get threads out
Hold the thread that you have passed through the needle in your left hand. And move the hand wheel towards yourself and complete one revolution. The needle goes up and down one or more times. Now pull the top thread that you are holding with your left hand. You will see that the bobbin thread is caught by the needle thread. Now you have a pair of threads one is coming from the needle and the other is from the bobbin.
Plug in to power supply
In case you have an electric sewing machine you have a pedal and a power cable that plugin to your sewing machine. After plugging place, the switch in the power board and turn it on. in some machines a small button is also present to control the power. Check the button if in any case by only plugging your sewing machine don’t start.
Why we use sewing machine?
Sewing process can be done by hand but when you do the same stitching with the sewing machine it will be quite different from the hand work. Similarly, there are many others many reasons that convince you to use a sewing machine for sewing process. Some of them are given below
Using Sewing machines are a better and faster way of sewing clothes. You can sew your clothes many times faster and better than sewing it with your hands. You don’t need to spend a lot of your precious time in sewing clothes. Sewing machines help you to complete your work in a short time so that you can do the rest of your work. In sewing machines, you don’t need to search needle and thread at that time because these things are already fetched to it. If you are running business of sewing clothes sewing machines will be very helpful to you in this regard. Sewing machines help you to complete your task as soon as possible so that you can take the next project. Your income will increase many times by sewing clothes by sewing machine instead of hands.
Neat and accurate
Sewing machines help you in sewing your clothes neat and clean. you must adjust the thread in the beginning. Once you adjusted it you can start your work and when you end your work you will see that all the stitches are of the same level. And if you do the same work by hand you will see that the stitches are not at the same. Some of them are too long and some are too short.
There is no perfection in sewing clothes without sewing machines. The product looks beautiful when it sewed by sewing machines.
Sewing machines allow you to do some fancy stitching easily. On the other hand, it is very difficult to complete such tasks by hand. Before the invention of sewing machine all the embroidery and other designing work done by hands. The tailors take a lot of time and money for some fancy stitching. But now all this work can be done in a short time and you don’t need to spend a lot of money for this.
Sewing machines help you to adjust your garments on your own. By using home sewing machines, the sewing process become very easy for domestic people. You can stitch your different costumes, party wears on your own. You just need to be a bit professional in sewing your garments but for a regular or simple stitching you don’t need to be a professional.
Can sew heavy fabric
Heavy fabric cannot be sewn by hands. If you start sewing them by hand it will take a long time and difficulty for you. The sewing machines can do these tasks easily, efficiently and minimum time. Mostly heavy fabric is sewed at industrial level. Cloth industries are using sewing machines to sew quilts, blankets, trousers and different other products that are made up of heavy fabric easily. You cannot sew these products by your own hands.
The stitching that is done by sewing machine is more durable than the stitches made by hand. Some machines use double threads for sewing that will make the stitches durable. Double threads are mostly use in sewing heavy fabric products.